What causes breakouts and how can we prevent them?

Hey Guys!

So today's topic is breakouts,  everybody has experienced these at some point. For some of the lucky few it was just a short phase, for many others it's an ongoing battle! Here's a bit more information on the real cause of breakouts and some of the treatments you could try.

Around 80% of 11-30 year olds are affected by acne. It is caused by sebum, an oily substance produced by the skin's sebaceous glands. Sebum clogs pores which attract bacteria and become inflamed, causing acne.

Most pimples begin with blackheads which are a result of oil and dead cells becoming trapped in a pore, where they block the duct and mix with bacteria. They turn black in colour when they're exposed to the air, hence the name 'blackhead'.

So what causes the oil which causes the blackhead which causes the pimple (Geeezz that was a mouthful!)? There are many different factors and everyone's skin is different but here are just a few reasons:

Hormones - they play a big part in the development of acne as hormones are what kick off over active sebaceous glands.

Genes - research suggests that 81% of acne can be attributed to genetic factors rather than environmental ones. This is out of your control so you can pass the blame on to your parents!

Diet - whilst It's been suggested that chocolate and fried foods DO NOT cause acne, they do make acne worse by causing your sebaceous glands to over produce. This can be reduced by eating dark chocolate, controlling how much fried food you eat and adding more fruit and veg to your diet. You could also try drinking more water throughout the day to help hydrate your body and flush waste from your system.

Here are a few  tips you could try out, trial them for one month and see if it makes a difference to your skin.

1, Make sure your makeup brushes are clean - dirty brushes and sponges will transfer bacteria on to your face.

2, Wear loose fitted clothing - if you're a regular at the gym you'll know what it means to sweat. Although sweat won't cause the breakouts, it will mix with oils in your pores which will lead to acne.

3, Don't pick you face - leave your spots alone! Picking spots will only introduce more germs whilst increasing the chances of scarring and inflammation. I know its really hard to avoid doing this, I am very guilty when it comes to picking spots!

4, Get enough sleep - lack of sleep inflicts stress on the body which raises the level of Cortisol which causes breakouts. Research suggests that we should aim to get 8 hours sleep each night.

5, Change your diet - so we learned that chocolate causing spots is a myth, but eliminating dairy, caffeine, peanuts and sugar has been known to help clear skin. Try introducing foods such as salmon, dark leafy greens and antioxidant green tea.

6. Keep your face clean, wash your face twice daily to remove impurities, dead skin cells and oil. Use a mild facial cleanser such as Cetaphil (http://makeupwithjakejamie.blogspot.co.uk/2014/09/cetaphil-gentle-skin-cleanser.html), and never over wash your face - twice a day - keeps the derm away!

7. Always use clean towels.

8. Moisturize.

9. Try to avoid wearing make-up ALL of the time (Easier said than done, I know!) - If  you know your not leaving the house, have a make-up free day its really quite refreshing!

10. Always use non-comodogenic products, meaning they should not clog your pores and break you out!

11. Keep hair out of your face and use a gentle shampoo & conditioner.

12. Limit your time in the sunshine.

13. Change your bed sheets and pillow cases frequently.

Good luck, keep me posted and let me know how you get on.. and remember virtually EVERYBODY gets spots. We always feel as if we are alone and that other people are superior - however this is psychological, everyone you meet is fighting a battle of their very own.

We always want what we haven't got, but sometimes its worth taking a second to value what we do have because often we have more than we think.

Big hugs

Jake xx



  1. This is the perfect post for me right now I am suffering badly, but am changing my diet and also going make-up free for at least 3 days a week at the moment and it seems to be working, also drinking the most water I ever have had before!!! xxx

    Blonde of carbs

  2. Some great tips there Hun! I know for me cutting out dairy has made a massive difference to my skin! :)
    LouLovesbeauty xx

  3. great tips! really must try and see if they make a difference for me :D
    Melissa x

  4. These are great tips! Also I find drinking loads of water really helps to clear my skin up if I'm suffering. :) x

    Rambling Makeup

  5. I have a HUGE breakout now, so this is super helpful!


  6. Great tips bubs! xx


  7. This is such great advice, although I'm a terrible spot picker when I get them lol. I've found keeping hydrated has also helped keep the spots down x

  8. Hello! I would like to start spa business. Do you have an experience in this field? There are too many options in esthetic equipment. Could you advise? Where to buy facial microcurrent gels?


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